Tay Pilatus Pc 21 Flight Manual

Pilatus PC-21 — Wikipédia

Pilatus PC-21 Turboprop Trainer Aircraft Airforce Technology

pilatus pc 21 flight manual

FMS 1100mm (43.3") PC-21 Pilatus PNPFMSMODEL. Pilatus Aircraft Limited rolled out the PC-21 training aircraft in May 2002. The PC-21 expanded envelope trainer aircraft is designed to fulfil the requirements for basic, advanced and fighter lead-in training for pilots and, if required, weapon systems officers (WSO)., standby attitude indicator (AI) is included in the panel as a backup to the primary flight isplay (PFD) in case of failure. structions: the engine running, center the ARTIFICAL WINGS over the solid white line on the INNER PLATE using the ARTIFICAL WINGS KNOB. 2. NER PLATE, and bank is measured using the outer BANK SCALE. 3. nits to a maximum of.

PC-12 Digital Airplane Flight Manual (Digital AFM) for iOS

RC PILATUS PC-21 FORMATION FLIGHT YouTube. Pilatus Pc-12 Aircraft Flight Manual This Approval may be extended or withdrawn in writing by Pilatus at any time This Pilot's Information Manual is a reproduction of a PC-12 Airplane Flight., Le PC-21 est, comme son prГ©dГ©cesseur le Pilatus PC-7 et le moins connu PC-9, un avion d'entraГ®nement destinГ© Г  la formation avancГ©e des pilotes et leur perfectionnement.Beaucoup moins coГ»teux que les avions Г  rГ©action, il prГ©sente nГ©anmoins de nombreuses qualitГ©s aГ©ronautiques, ainsi qu'un cockpit moderne. Selon la Royal Australian Air Force, le PC-21 est l'avion d'entrainement le.

21/07/2016В В· The Pilatus PC-21 is a single-turboprop, low wing swept monoplane advanced trainer with a stepped tandem cockpit developed by Pilatus Aircraft in Switzerland. On 22 November 2010, the UAEAF's first PC-21 performed its maiden flight. In July 2012, it was announced that the Qatar Air Force had placed an order for a complete pilot training system from Pilatus centering upon the PC-21. The package included ground-based training devices, logistical support and maintenance in addition to 24 PC-21 aircraft.

The Pilatus PC-21 is the world's most advanced pilot training aircraft. As part of the AIR 5428 Pilot Training System project, the PC-21 will replace Air Force's current PC-9/A. It will be based at RAAF Base East Sale in Victoria and RAAF Base Pearce in Western Australia. Although the PC-21 is a key element of the AIR 5428 project, it is only one part of the story. Founded in 1939, Pilatus Aircraft Ltd is the only Swiss company to develop, produce and sell aircraft to customers around the world: from the legendary PC-6 to the best-selling PC-12 and PC-24, and the PC-21, the military training system of the future.

Pilatus PC-21 Publisher: Iris Simulations Review Author:Raymond Andersen Suggested Price:$42.99 The Pilatus PC-21 is a twin seated, low winged, single engine, turboprop and advanced trainer aircraft built by Pilatus Aircraft since the early years of the 21st century. The PC-21 is the successor of the elder PC-7 trainer aircraft and features a completely new aircraft design. The Pilatus PC-21 is the world's most advanced pilot training aircraft. As part of the AIR 5428 Pilot Training System project, the PC-21 will replace Air Force's current PC-9/A. It will be based at RAAF Base East Sale in Victoria and RAAF Base Pearce in Western Australia. Although the PC-21 is a key element of the AIR 5428 project, it is only one part of the story.

18/04/2018В В· Pilatus significantly expanded the design and performance envelope to take this single-engine turboprop into an area that was, until now, exclusively the domain of jet trainer aircraft. In this SebArt professional line PC-21 XL 2.2m ARF scale ASSEMBLY MANUAL The real plane Pilatus developed the next generation trainer the PC-21 to train the next generation of military pilots.

The Pilatus PC-24 is a light business jet produced by Pilatus Aircraft of Switzerland. Following the PC-12 single turboprop success, work on the jet started in 2007 for greater range and speed, keeping the rugged airfield capability. The aircraft was introduced on 21 May 2013 and rolled out on 1 August 2014, with the maiden flight on 11 May 2015. The PC-24 received EASA and FAA type 20/03/2015В В· The ESM Pilatus PC-21. It's 73" of gorgeous in the width, and over 80" long. The build went smoothly, and the first three flights were nearly perfect. It didn't need a single click of trim in any axis, it just flew perfectly straight!

18/04/2018В В· Pilatus significantly expanded the design and performance envelope to take this single-engine turboprop into an area that was, until now, exclusively the domain of jet trainer aircraft. In this The Pilatus PC-21 is the world's most advanced pilot training aircraft. As part of the AIR 5428 Pilot Training System project, the PC-21 will replace Air Force's current PC-9/A. It will be based at RAAF Base East Sale in Victoria and RAAF Base Pearce in Western Australia. Although the PC-21 is a key element of the AIR 5428 project, it is only one part of the story.

Pilatus Pc-12 Aircraft Flight Manual This Approval may be extended or withdrawn in writing by Pilatus at any time This Pilot's Information Manual is a reproduction of a PC-12 Airplane Flight. Founded in 1939, Pilatus Aircraft Ltd is the only Swiss company to develop, produce and sell aircraft to customers around the world: from the legendary PC-6 to the best-selling PC-12 and PC-24, and the PC-21, the military training system of the future.

People talk about the PC-21 being slow but it is fast enough for me. Great power for vertical and can perform aerobatics with no issues. People change the props to a 4 blade to speed it up but I just love the sound of the 5 blade prop! Awesome! Saying that, the prop needs to be balanced before flight to get that good sound. Both the props I Page 1: Instruction Manual Adjustment of the aileron and flap,be sure they can work Adjustment of the elevator,be sure it can work perfectly. perfectly. Side View AILERON PC - 21 25mm Top view 25mm ELEVATOR FLAP 30mm 25mm AILERON AILERON 25mm Position for Side View right diagram.

atc_flight_number=001 ui_manufacturer=Pilatus ui_type=PC-21 ui_variation=RNoAF ui_typerole="Single Engine TurboProp" ui_createdby="IRIS Flight Simulation Software" description=The Pilatus PC-21 is a single-turboprop, low wing swept monoplane advanced trainer designed to combine jet training capability with the advantages of a turboprop. RNoAF SebArt professional line PC-21 50E ARF scale ASSEMBLY MANUAL The real plane Pilatus developed the next generation trainer the PC-21 to train the next generation of military pilots. The new PC-21 provides a low-cost and effective training platform for pilots destined to …

The Pilatus PC-24 is a light business jet produced by Pilatus Aircraft of Switzerland. Following the PC-12 single turboprop success, work on the jet started in 2007 for greater range and speed, keeping the rugged airfield capability. The aircraft was introduced on 21 May 2013 and rolled out on 1 August 2014, with the maiden flight on 11 May 2015. The PC-24 received EASA and FAA type SebArt professional line PC-21 50E ARF scale ASSEMBLY MANUAL The real plane Pilatus developed the next generation trainer the PC-21 to train the next generation of military pilots. The new PC-21 provides a low-cost and effective training platform for pilots destined to …

PC-7 MkII The Basic Trainer Pilatus Aircraft Ltd

pilatus pc 21 flight manual

Pilatus Pc-12 Aircraft Flight Manual. Refer to the PC-24 Airplane Flight Manual, Section 6, for passengers and flight crew loading instructions and approved configurations. 17. Exit: Nb. and Type: 3 exits (fwd cabin LH passenger door and two over wing emergency exits, one on each side of the cabin) and 1 cargo door (LH rear cabin) 18. Baggage / …, 12/10/2014 · IRIS - Pro Training Series - Pilatus PC-21 - 75th Anniversary Edition Military training aircraft (Compatible with IRIS 21-Driver) From Sandpoint Airport (KSZT) to Spokane/Felts Field Airport (KSFF.

VINH QUANG PILATUS PC-7 INSTRUCTION MANUAL Pdf Download.. Pilatus PC-21 Publisher: Iris Simulations Review Author:Raymond Andersen Suggested Price:$42.99 The Pilatus PC-21 is a twin seated, low winged, single engine, turboprop and advanced trainer aircraft built by Pilatus Aircraft since the early years of the 21st century. The PC-21 is the successor of the elder PC-7 trainer aircraft and features a completely new aircraft design., Pilatus Aircraft Limited rolled out the PC-21 training aircraft in May 2002. The PC-21 expanded envelope trainer aircraft is designed to fulfil the requirements for basic, advanced and fighter lead-in training for pilots and, if required, weapon systems officers (WSO)..

PC-12 Digital Airplane Flight Manual (Digital AFM) for iOS

pilatus pc 21 flight manual

DOWNLOAD IRIS Pilatus PC-9 FSX & P3D Rikoooo. This PC-12 Digital Airplane Flight Manual (Digital AFM) is a pilot assistance tool for verification of the weight and balance of the Pilatus PC-12 and the calculation of take-off, cruise and Pilatus PC-21 v1.1 Created by Iris Simulations The Pilatus PC-21 is a twin seated, low winged, single engine, turboprop and advanced trainer aircraft built by Pilatus Aircraft since the early years of the 21st century. The PC-21 is the successor of the elder PC-7 trainer aircraft and ….

pilatus pc 21 flight manual


The PC-7 MkII comes with an exceptional standard of equipment, performance, and cost-effectiveness for this class of training aircraft. With its highly cost-efficient Pratt & Whitney Canada PT6A-25C engine, it provides the lowest engine operating costs of all turboprop trainer aircraft. Pilatus, the worldwide renown Swiss aircraft manufacturer, has a long experience in military trainers and has recently developed its next generation trainer, the Pilatus PC-21, a platform for pilots destined to fly jet fighters, without actually requiring them to fly them until much later in their training.

PC-21 – A Damage Tolerant Aircraft Paper presented at the ICAF 2009 Symposium by Lukas Schmid. ICAF Symposium 2009 12.05.2009 . 2. PC-21 – A Damage Tolerant Aircraft. ICAF Symposium 2009. Acknowledgment • Markus Gottier, Gottier Engineering • Dave Boorman, Pilatus Aircraft Limited • Simon Walker, Jesmond Engineering Limited. 12.05.2009. 3. ICAF Symposium 2009 12.05.2009. 4. Overview Le PC-21 du suisse Pilatus allie l'avantage d'un avion aux coûts de maintenance réduits, avec une avionique moderne et semblable aux avions de combat de 4ème et de 5ème génération, et avec des performances en vol qui correspondent aux avions d'entraînement et …

atc_flight_number=001 ui_manufacturer=Pilatus ui_type=PC-21 ui_variation=RNoAF ui_typerole="Single Engine TurboProp" ui_createdby="IRIS Flight Simulation Software" description=The Pilatus PC-21 is a single-turboprop, low wing swept monoplane advanced trainer designed to combine jet training capability with the advantages of a turboprop. RNoAF Flight Training; Travel; Gear; Search. Aircraft. Airplanes. Private Propellor Planes. Military Turboprops. Pilatus PC-21; Pilatus PC-21. Current Price $ 9 million Estimated . Superior Powerful And Flexible Trainer The Pilatus PC-21. Manufacturer: Pilatus Aircraft Country: Switzerland Manufactured: 2002 to: Present

SebArt professional line PC-21 50E ARF scale ASSEMBLY MANUAL The real plane Pilatus developed the next generation trainer the PC-21 to train the next generation of military pilots. The new PC-21 provides a low-cost and effective training platform for pilots destined to … Founded in 1939, Pilatus Aircraft Ltd is the only Swiss company to develop, produce and sell aircraft to customers around the world: from the legendary PC-6 to the best-selling PC-12 and PC-24, and the PC-21, the military training system of the future.

ESM PC-21 Pilatus RC model airplane ARF. BigPlanes. 0 English Hardware package and illustrated instruction manual included. Optional: Retracts: including alloy wheels, oleo struts and retract system. Incorporate all of the latest design improvements. History: In 1999 Pilatus Aircraft, famous for their PC-12 small passenger aircraft and the PC-7 and PC-9 jet trainers, began the development atc_flight_number=001 ui_manufacturer=Pilatus ui_type=PC-21 ui_variation=RNoAF ui_typerole="Single Engine TurboProp" ui_createdby="IRIS Flight Simulation Software" description=The Pilatus PC-21 is a single-turboprop, low wing swept monoplane advanced trainer designed to combine jet training capability with the advantages of a turboprop. RNoAF

Pilatus PC-21 : “ l 'entraineur suisse du XXIème siècle” L’arrivée, à la fin des années 90, de nouveaux chasseurs et appareils de combat, obligea les industriels de l’aéronautique du monde entier à chercher des appareils de soutien améliorés. SebArt professional line PC-21 XL 2.2m ARF scale ASSEMBLY MANUAL The real plane Pilatus developed the next generation trainer the PC-21 to train the next generation of military pilots.

pilatus pc 21 flight manual

Refer to the PC-24 Airplane Flight Manual, Section 6, for passengers and flight crew loading instructions and approved configurations. 17. Exit: Nb. and Type: 3 exits (fwd cabin LH passenger door and two over wing emergency exits, one on each side of the cabin) and 1 cargo door (LH rear cabin) 18. Baggage / … The Pilatus PC-21 is the world's most advanced pilot training aircraft. As part of the AIR 5428 Pilot Training System project, the PC-21 will replace Air Force's current PC-9/A. It will be based at RAAF Base East Sale in Victoria and RAAF Base Pearce in Western Australia. Although the PC-21 is a key element of the AIR 5428 project, it is only one part of the story.

FlightSim.Com Review Pilatus PC-21 From Iris

pilatus pc 21 flight manual

FS9 PILATUS PC-12 PANEL FS2X. The IRIS Flight Simulation Software – Pro Training Series – PC-21 has had an update overnight. Now v1.2, the plane has had the following changes: —– March 9, 2013 Adjustments to 1.2 are as follows: • Front and Rear Seat CDU re-coded to eliminate radio input restriction., 18/10/2017 · Force RC / FMS Pilatus PC-21 - RCGroups Review The new PC-21 from FMS is available through Force RC and sports some clean scale lines, retracts, and a wide flight ….

Pilatus Aircraft Ltd Pilot's View PC-21 Air Show

PILATUS PC 21 INSTRUCTION MANUAL Pdf Download.. Pilatut PC-7 Aircraft Flight Manual - ( English Language ) Disclaimer: This item is sold for historical and reference Only. These are either ORIGINAL or COPIES of manuals and blueprints used when these aircraft were in active duty, now transferred into electronic format., Founded in 1939, Pilatus Aircraft Ltd is the only Swiss company to develop, produce and sell aircraft to customers around the world: from the legendary PC-6 to the best-selling PC-12 and PC-24, and the PC-21, the military training system of the future..

21/07/2016 · The Pilatus PC-21 is a single-turboprop, low wing swept monoplane advanced trainer with a stepped tandem cockpit developed by Pilatus Aircraft in Switzerland. Refer to the PC-24 Airplane Flight Manual, Section 6, for passengers and flight crew loading instructions and approved configurations. 17. Exit: Nb. and Type: 3 exits (fwd cabin LH passenger door and two over wing emergency exits, one on each side of the cabin) and 1 cargo door (LH rear cabin) 18. Baggage / …

Pilatus PC-21 v1.1 Created by Iris Simulations The Pilatus PC-21 is a twin seated, low winged, single engine, turboprop and advanced trainer aircraft built by Pilatus Aircraft since the early years of the 21st century. The PC-21 is the successor of the elder PC-7 trainer aircraft and … Pilatus Aircraft Limited rolled out the PC-21 training aircraft in May 2002. The PC-21 expanded envelope trainer aircraft is designed to fulfil the requirements for basic, advanced and fighter lead-in training for pilots and, if required, weapon systems officers (WSO).

SebArt professional line PC-21 50E ARF scale ASSEMBLY MANUAL The real plane Pilatus developed the next generation trainer the PC-21 to train the next generation of military pilots. The new PC-21 provides a low-cost and effective training platform for pilots destined to … atc_flight_number=001 ui_manufacturer=Pilatus ui_type=PC-21 ui_variation=RNoAF ui_typerole="Single Engine TurboProp" ui_createdby="IRIS Flight Simulation Software" description=The Pilatus PC-21 is a single-turboprop, low wing swept monoplane advanced trainer designed to combine jet training capability with the advantages of a turboprop. RNoAF

21/07/2016 · The Pilatus PC-21 is a single-turboprop, low wing swept monoplane advanced trainer with a stepped tandem cockpit developed by Pilatus Aircraft in Switzerland. 25TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE AERONAUTICAL SCIENCES FLIGHT SIMULATION FOR THE PC-21 PROJECT B. Oolbekkink Pilatus Aircraft Ltd. Keywords: Flight simulation, flight test, turboprop trainer aircraft, aerodata Abstract The new-generation advanced trainer aircraft PC-21 is …

Director of Flight Crew Training . Global Span Aviation Group creates custom aviation solutions manuals for business flight departments and airline worldwide. Global Span Aviation Group offers affordable pricing and will meet or beat any competitors pricing. Just send us the quote and we will match or make you a better offer. Contact us today SebArt professional line PC-21 XL 2.2m ARF scale ASSEMBLY MANUAL The real plane Pilatus developed the next generation trainer the PC-21 to train the next generation of military pilots.

This PC-12 Digital Airplane Flight Manual (Digital AFM) is a pilot assistance tool for verification of the weight and balance of the Pilatus PC-12 and the calculation of take-off, cruise and 22/08/2019В В· RC PILATUS PC-21 FORMATION FLIGHT RCScaleAirplanes. Loading... Unsubscribe from RCScaleAirplanes? Pilatus PC-21 - Maiden - Duration: 8:51. patti151090 88,208 views. 8:51. Airshow Glider

On 22 November 2010, the UAEAF's first PC-21 performed its maiden flight. In July 2012, it was announced that the Qatar Air Force had placed an order for a complete pilot training system from Pilatus centering upon the PC-21. The package included ground-based training devices, logistical support and maintenance in addition to 24 PC-21 aircraft. Developed from the "Pilot Manual" of RAAF PC-9/A flown by the Royal Australian Air Force. Ideal for Hard-simmers this add-on is an incredible quality for a free product. Features : Custom sounds. Gauges faithfully recreated and specific for PC-9/A flown by the Royal Australian Air Force. Superb flight model designed and endorsed by former

www.pilatus-aircraft.com. 26/10/2019 · So after printing and flying Shark.Aero's 1/8th Scale Shark Ultralight, i feel confident enough to tackle the design of a plane that I love : the Pilatus PC-21, a sleek 5-bladed turboprop wonder of speed and swiss precision, carefully engineered to deliver jet-like handling and a payload of exhilarating enjoyment (I may be overstating that last, 25TH INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF THE AERONAUTICAL SCIENCES FLIGHT SIMULATION FOR THE PC-21 PROJECT B. Oolbekkink Pilatus Aircraft Ltd. Keywords: Flight simulation, flight test, turboprop trainer aircraft, aerodata Abstract The new-generation advanced trainer aircraft PC-21 is ….

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pilatus pc 21 flight manual

Pilatus Pc-12 Aircraft Flight Manual. Pilatus PC-21 Publisher: Iris Simulations Review Author:Raymond Andersen Suggested Price:$42.99 The Pilatus PC-21 is a twin seated, low winged, single engine, turboprop and advanced trainer aircraft built by Pilatus Aircraft since the early years of the 21st century. The PC-21 is the successor of the elder PC-7 trainer aircraft and features a completely new aircraft design., SebArt professional line PC-21 XL 2.2m ARF scale ASSEMBLY MANUAL The real plane Pilatus developed the next generation trainer the PC-21 to train the next generation of military pilots..

Pilatus PC-21 Price Specs Cost Photos Interior. IRIS Simulations is a leading development group specialising in producing content for some of the worlds popular flight simulation platforms. Planes, planes & more planes, both military & civilian, IRIS brings you the best for Lockheed Martin's Prepar3D, Microsoft Flight Simulator X and Dovetail Games Flight …, PC-21 – A Damage Tolerant Aircraft Paper presented at the ICAF 2009 Symposium by Lukas Schmid. ICAF Symposium 2009 12.05.2009 . 2. PC-21 – A Damage Tolerant Aircraft. ICAF Symposium 2009. Acknowledgment • Markus Gottier, Gottier Engineering • Dave Boorman, Pilatus Aircraft Limited • Simon Walker, Jesmond Engineering Limited. 12.05.2009. 3. ICAF Symposium 2009 12.05.2009. 4. Overview.

Armée de l’Air le Pilatus PC-21 prend la relève -

pilatus pc 21 flight manual

Flight Operations Manuals Global Span Aviation Group. Pilatus PC-21 Publisher: Iris Simulations Review Author:Raymond Andersen Suggested Price:$42.99 The Pilatus PC-21 is a twin seated, low winged, single engine, turboprop and advanced trainer aircraft built by Pilatus Aircraft since the early years of the 21st century. The PC-21 is the successor of the elder PC-7 trainer aircraft and features a completely new aircraft design. The Pilatus PC-24 is a light business jet produced by Pilatus Aircraft of Switzerland. Following the PC-12 single turboprop success, work on the jet started in 2007 for greater range and speed, keeping the rugged airfield capability. The aircraft was introduced on 21 May 2013 and rolled out on 1 August 2014, with the maiden flight on 11 May 2015. The PC-24 received EASA and FAA type.

pilatus pc 21 flight manual

  • VINH QUANG PILATUS PC-7 INSTRUCTION MANUAL Pdf Download.
  • Pilatus PC-21 Trainer's BXT6500 surveillance system

  • 18/04/2018В В· Pilatus significantly expanded the design and performance envelope to take this single-engine turboprop into an area that was, until now, exclusively the domain of jet trainer aircraft. In this Pilatus Aircraft Limited rolled out the PC-21 training aircraft in May 2002. The PC-21 expanded envelope trainer aircraft is designed to fulfil the requirements for basic, advanced and fighter lead-in training for pilots and, if required, weapon systems officers (WSO).

    Le PC-21 est, comme son prГ©dГ©cesseur le Pilatus PC-7 et le moins connu PC-9, un avion d'entraГ®nement destinГ© Г  la formation avancГ©e des pilotes et leur perfectionnement.Beaucoup moins coГ»teux que les avions Г  rГ©action, il prГ©sente nГ©anmoins de nombreuses qualitГ©s aГ©ronautiques, ainsi qu'un cockpit moderne. Selon la Royal Australian Air Force, le PC-21 est l'avion d'entrainement le 21/01/2012В В· Demonstration of the pilatus pc-21 by the swiss air force during the Breitling Sion Airshow 2011. Filmed with Sony hdr-cx11 Demonstration du pilatus pc-21 par l'armГ©e de l'air suisse pendant le

    SebArt professional line PC-21 XL 2.2m ARF scale ASSEMBLY MANUAL The real plane Pilatus developed the next generation trainer the PC-21 to train the next generation of military pilots. 26/10/2019В В· So after printing and flying Shark.Aero's 1/8th Scale Shark Ultralight, i feel confident enough to tackle the design of a plane that I love : the Pilatus PC-21, a sleek 5-bladed turboprop wonder of speed and swiss precision, carefully engineered to deliver jet-like handling and a payload of exhilarating enjoyment (I may be overstating that last

    The Pilatus PC-21 is the world's most advanced pilot training aircraft. As part of the AIR 5428 Pilot Training System project, the PC-21 will replace Air Force's current PC-9/A. It will be based at RAAF Base East Sale in Victoria and RAAF Base Pearce in Western Australia. Although the PC-21 is a key element of the AIR 5428 project, it is only one part of the story. Le PC-21 du suisse Pilatus allie l'avantage d'un avion aux coûts de maintenance réduits, avec une avionique moderne et semblable aux avions de combat de 4ème et de 5ème génération, et avec des performances en vol qui correspondent aux avions d'entraînement et …

    IRIS Simulations is a leading development group specialising in producing content for some of the worlds popular flight simulation platforms. Planes, planes & more planes, both military & civilian, IRIS brings you the best for Lockheed Martin's Prepar3D, Microsoft Flight Simulator X and Dovetail Games Flight … Le PC-21 du suisse Pilatus allie l'avantage d'un avion aux coûts de maintenance réduits, avec une avionique moderne et semblable aux avions de combat de 4ème et de 5ème génération, et avec des performances en vol qui correspondent aux avions d'entraînement et …

    pilatus pc 21 flight manual

    View and Download Vinh Quang PILATUS PC-7 instruction manual online. AIR FORCE TRAINER. PILATUS PC-7 Toy pdf manual download. Pilatus, the worldwide renown Swiss aircraft manufacturer, has a long experience in military trainers and has recently developed its next generation trainer, the Pilatus PC-21, a platform for pilots destined to fly jet fighters, without actually requiring them to fly them until much later in their training.

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